“Minoan Crete” by Colette and Sean Hemingway, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
"Prophecies from the Pythia", The Oracle of Delphi
“Funeral Oration of Pericles”, Ancient History Sourcebook
“Daily Life in Sparta and Athens”, The British Museum
“Alexander the Great” by Joshua Mark, Ancient History Encyclopedia
The Persians and the Greeks
Alexander the Great
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Learning Objectives, Lesson 7: Greece
(Included in PowerPoint)
Upon successful completion of this lesson, students should be able to:
Lesson 6: Terms to Know
Lesson 7: Thought Questions
1. Using the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations as a basis of study, give at least three examples for how historians can discern important features of culture. Consider both written and non-written artifacts in your answer.
2. Describe Greek philosophy by comparing and contrasting (finding similarities and differences) between the five philosophers discussed in this lesson: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Zeno of Citium, and Epicurus.
3. Using the governments of Athens and Sparta as your evidence, discuss both democracy and oligarchy in ancient Greece. How did it function to be inclusive, and how did it change over time, such as via the reforms of Solon, Cleisthenes, and Pericles?
4. Consider the long history of ancient Greece, from the Minoan era to the Hellenistic era. What, in your historical opinion, was the most influential contribution to civilization as a whole? Once you make your choice, provide evidence to support your claim, using specific examples.
Lesson 7 Discussion Questions
1. View the samples of Minoan art in the online content and via the link to the Metropolitan Museum in your syllabus. Describe the colors, styles, and themes of the art. What do the depictions tell you about Minoan life and culture? By this, I would like you to consider what was important in the life of the Minoan people. What did they find important and valuable?
2. Pericles had several reasons for his funeral oration at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. What, besides the obvious reason of mourning the dead, were his purposes in the speech? Name at least three "goals" Pericles accomplished in this speech. The link is in your syllabus, and as always, you can Google the speech if the link is not working.
3. What was the role of the Oracle of Delphi? How did the position come to hold influence in Greek society? Use the link in your syllabus to learn more about the Oracle.
4. Use the link in the syllabus to explore daily life for men and women in ancient Athens and Sparta. Compare (talk about similarities) and contrast (talk about differences) and write up your findings. Bullet points are fine.
5. Describe the major accomplishments of Alexander the Great. How did he spread Greek culture across much of the western world? The online content and the link in your syllabus discuss Alexander and his legacy.
NOTE: From time to time, these web pages may "disappear." Please notify your instructor if you find broken links, so they may be replaced.
Continued below with a map.